Essay on Red Fort in English

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Essay on Red Fort in English

Preface :

The Red Fort of Delhi is an ancient historical monument of India. It is situated on the right bank of Yamuna river. Even after thousands of years have passed, the pride, fame and glory of the Red Fort remains the same.


In 1638 AD, Mughal emperor Shahjahan built the Red Fort with red stones. It took many years to build, thousands of laborers worked day and night and lakhs of rupees were spent. Shahjahan had built the Red Fort for his residence and security, hence it was full of all the comforts and facilities.

Structure of Red Fort:

The structure of the Red Fort is indescribable, which is a vivid depiction of ancient architecture. Its outer walls are very high. There are wide moats around it. It has two main gates. After taking the ticket, enter through the main gate ‘Lahori Gate’. There are shops on both sides of it. Further ahead is ‘Diwan-e-Aam’, where the Mughal emperors used to hold their courts. In front of it is the pedestal of Shahjahan’s throne ‘Takht-e-Taus’ i.e. ‘Peacock Throne’. Earlier, this Peacock Throne was studded with diamonds and jewels, but during their rule, the British Government had removed them and replaced them with colorful glass pieces. After this comes ‘Diwan-e-Khas’. From there, one passes through several Warahdaris and reaches the roof of the Red Fort. The walls of these Warahdaris are decorated with beautiful paintings. The beautiful gardens of the Red Fort reflect the love of nature of the Mughal emperors. On one side of the Red Fort are the bathrooms of the wives of the Mughal emperors and on the other side are their makeup rooms. Now only their traces remain.

Present form of Red Fort:

Nowadays, the responsibility of security of the Red Fort has come into the hands of the Indian Government because terrorists have threatened to blow it up. But it is always open for visitors amid tight security. Every year on 15 August, on the ramparts of its main gate, our. , The then Prime Minister of the country hoists the national flag and addresses the public. Some offices of the Indian Army are also built inside it. Apart from this, there is a museum in one part of it, in which ancient weapons, clothes and jewelery etc. are kept for showing to the visitors.

Epilogue :

Red Fort is independent India’s own heritage. Our tricolor flag always flies here. Kavi Sammelan and other military programs also take place in it. We should take care of this oldest heritage of our country with all our heart.

Essay Red Fort in English

The Red Fort of Delhi is a major tourist destination today. Thousands of tourists come to see it every day. In 2007, UNESCO World Heritage Site also included it in its records. Now it has become world heritage.

Its construction work was started by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan in 1638 AD and the Red Fort of Delhi was constructed in 1648. The outline (map) of the Red Fort was taken from the Salimgarh Fort. This is a wonderful creation of the Mughal period.

After the construction of the Red Fort of Delhi, Aurangzeb and other Mughal emperors made many improvements and constructions in it. During the British rule, the Red Fort of Delhi was used as an army cantonment and after independence, it is still under the army. During the reign of Shah Jahan, the Red Fort was the palace of Shah Jahan’s new capital Shahjahanabad, the Muslim seventh city of the Delhi state. Shahjahan had brought his Agra capital to Shahjahanabad to add to his grandeur.

The Red Fort of Delhi is situated on the banks of Yamuna River. There is a moat around its walls. The north-eastern corner of its wall passes near the old fort Salimgarh Fort, which was built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546 AD.

The wall of the Red Fort of Delhi is 1.5 miles (2.5 km) long and 60 feet (16 m) high. The Red Fort is an excellent example of human art. It is a mixture of Parsi, European and Indian art. This is an important building of India. In 1913, India started giving importance to it and efforts were made for its protection and conservation. Its two main gates are Delhi Gate and Lahori Gate. Lahori Gate is the main entrance of the Red Fort. As soon as we enter Lahori Gate, the market starts. There is also Chhatta Chowk there. Delhi Gate is at the southern end of this road.

There are other main tourist buildings inside the Red Fort, such as Nakarkhana; Which is between Lahori Gate and Chhatta Chowk. It is at the main entrance of the palace. There was a gallery of musicians (Sangeetgya-Dirgha). For this reason this place was named Nakkarkhana. There is Deewane-e-Aam in the Red Fort; Where the general audience was present. There in the balcony was also the emperor’s throne decorated with diamonds and jewels. Sitting there the king used to address the public. Apart from this, there is Nahar-e-Bahisht in the Red Fort; Which is the royal personal room, from where the Yamuna river can be seen flowing. It was created by the Quran. It was made according to the heaven described in. There is a theater in the Red Fort; Which was only for queens. There is a special palace; From where the king watched the actions of the people every day. There is a Diwan-e-Khas; Which was used by ministers and other important people. There is a Moti Masjid.

It was built later in 1659. It was the personal mosque of Aurangzeb who was the successor of Shah Jahan. One is Hayat Baksh Bagh; Which was built by the last emperor of the Mughal dynasty, Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1842. In the middle of which there is a pond and in which there are two sources of water. Thousands of people visit the Red Fort to see all these attractive souvenirs. Every year on 15 August, the Prime Minister addresses the nation on Independence Day from the ramparts of the Red Fort in Delhi. Undoubtedly the Red Fort is the pride of India.

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The Magnificent Red Fort: A Timeless Icon of Indian Heritage

Essay on Red Fort in English
Essay on Red Fort in English

India, with its rich historical tapestry, boasts of numerous architectural marvels that serve as reminders of its glorious past. Among these, the Red Fort stands as an enduring testament to the grandeur and opulence of Mughal architecture. Located in the heart of Delhi, the Red Fort, also known as Lal Qila, has stood proudly for centuries, narrating tales of power, culture, and resilience.

Historical Significance

Commissioned by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1638, the Red Fort was the main residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years. Constructed using red sandstone, the fort’s imposing walls served not just as a defensive structure but also as a symbol of the emperor’s might. Over the years, it has witnessed the ebb and flow of history – from the Mughal era to the British colonial rule and finally, to independent India.

Architectural Marvel

The Red Fort’s architectural brilliance lies in its harmonious fusion of Persian, Timurid, and Indian styles. The intricate carvings, elegant domes, and delicate inlay work reflect the artistic finesse of the Mughal craftsmen. The Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience) and Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience) are splendid examples of Mughal architecture, showcasing a blend of aesthetics and functionality.

Cultural Significance

Beyond its architectural magnificence, the Red Fort holds immense cultural significance for the people of India. Every year, on Independence Day (August 15th), the Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort, a tradition that symbolizes the sovereignty and unity of the nation. The fort’s vast courtyards and majestic halls have also been witness to various cultural events, making it a hub for artistic expression and celebration.

Preservation Efforts

Preserving the Red Fort for future generations is a collective responsibility. The Archaeological Survey of India, along with various heritage organizations, has undertaken extensive conservation efforts to safeguard this iconic monument. Strict regulations have been put in place to ensure that the fort’s historical integrity is maintained, allowing visitors to experience its splendor while also protecting its delicate heritage.


The Red Fort stands not just as a physical structure but as a living testament to India’s rich history and cultural heritage. Its grandeur continues to captivate the world, drawing tourists and history enthusiasts alike. As we marvel at its beauty, let us also recognize the importance of preserving such treasures, for they are not merely relics of the past but invaluable windows into our collective history. The Red Fort, with its timeless elegance, serves as a reminder of the artistic brilliance and cultural richness that define India, making it a source of pride for every citizen.

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